In designing kaleidoscopes I am challenged to create objects that are as alluring on the outside as they are within. Initially I don't want the observer to realize that the piece functions as a kaleidoscope. When that's discovered the viewer delights in the unexpected surprise. "OOH" and "AHH" and "OH, MY GOD" are common reactions. It simply boggles the mind that so much beauty can be contained within so small a space. Therein lies the magic!